A component is operated or observed by computer-based algorithms in a cyber-physical system (CPS), also known as an intelligent system. Physical and software components are intricately entwined in cyber-physical systems, able to function at various spatial and temporal scales, display a variety of discrete behavioral modalities, and interact with one another in context-dependent ways. CPS integrates theories from multiple disciplines, including design, process science, mechatronics, and cybernetics.

Digital logic is a common term used to describe process control. The emphasis in embedded systems is typically more on the computational components and less on a close relationship between the computational and physical features.

Although CPS and the web of things (IoT) have a similar basic architecture, CPS exhibits a more potent fusion and coordination of physical and computational aspects. CPS examples include self-driving cars, intelligent buildings, implanted medical equipment, autonomous airplanes, and self-navigating buildings.

Why CPS is needed?

CPS brings many advantages by fusing computing and communication with physical processes and mediating how we interact with the physical world. The systems increase system safety and efficiency, lower the cost of building and running these systems, and enable individual machines to function.

By protecting access and data security using cutting-edge techniques, you can stop any cyber-attack from damaging your physical assets and disrupting your business operations. Cyber-physical systems refer to the intersection between your organization’s technology and IT infrastructure and its physical assets.

Due to a significant increase in advanced technology, developed countries have a higher demand for cyber-physical systems than the developing world. Manufacturers in industrialized nations are urged to combine cyber-physical solutions as artificial intelligence is becoming more widely integrated across various industries.

Concerns against CPS are categorized according to identity spoofing, data tampering, repudiation of origin, information exposure, privilege elevation, and denial of service.

The Perfect Carriers for CPS

A well-known subgroup of cyber-physical systems is mobile cyber-physical systems, in which the physical system being studied possesses inherent mobility. Mobile robotics and electronics carried by people or animals are mobile biological systems. Interest in mobile cyber-physical systems has grown due to the popularity of smartphones. For various reasons, including the above, smartphone platforms are perfect for mobile cyber-physical systems.

A variety of input and output devices are used for accessing sensory information, including touch screens, cameras, GPS chips, speakers, microphones, light sensors, and proximity sensors. Numerous communication channels, including wifi, 4G, EDGE, and Bluetooth can be used to connect devices to the Internet or other devices. High-level programming languages, like Java, C#, or JavaScript allows for the quick creation of mobile CPS node software.

Readily accessible methods for distributing applications, such as the apple app store and google play store, end-user care, and maintenance, such as routine battery recharge are some of the common platforms.

For instance, various wireless sensor networks monitor a particular environment feature and transmit the processed data to a central node. Smart grids, autonomous vehicle systems, medical monitoring, process control systems, distributed robotics, and automatic pilot avionics are some further examples of CPS.



  1. A cyber-physical system or intelligent system is a computer system in which a mechanism is controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms.

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